Non-fiction

On Populism

It is tempting to believe, after the recent local elections in which the UK Independence Party was virtually wiped off the political map, that something good has happened. Douglas Carswell, UKIP’s erstwhile sole MP, left the party earlier this year, leaving UKIP with no parliamentary presence; another putative blow to the far right’s mainstream credibility. As Nigel Farage stepped down from the party’s leadership, the mantel was passed to Paul Nuttall, who was almost immediately embroiled in a scandal over claims he was present at the Hillsborough disaster. Taken together, one might claim with some surety that these developments, all worthy and delectable as sound bites, spell the demise of UKIP’s brand of reactionary dog whistle politics, like the British National Party before them.

There is, however, a crucial distinction between the BNP and UKIP. The former represented, in the run-up to the 2010 election, a protest vote in the wake of revelations regarding MPs from both the left and right fiddling their expenses. Popular disgust with the so-called political establishment manifested itself centrally as a surge of interest in a number of smaller parties, with the SNP, the Greens and the Liberal Democrats ultimately benefiting from the electoral fallout. The BNP caught the scraps of this popular disenchantment with mainstream politics, though their brief surge in popularity failed to translate into votes. Correspondingly, Nick Griffin and his fascist cohorts have been absent from prime time TV and radio slots since the formation of the Conservative/Lib Dem coalition. Continue reading

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Non-fiction

Patriotism vs. Culture

News agencies reported on a video on Thursday that allegedly shows Islamic State militants raiding national heritage sites in the Iraqi city of Mosul, which they currently control. The video, which some claim is staged, shows the militants burning books (they recently burned down Mosul Library, which housed thousands of ancient manuscripts), destroying artefacts at the archeological site known as Nergal Gate, and playing mailbox baseball with statues in what may have been the Mosul Museum (reports have not been independently verified).

Like the Nazis burning books in the 1930s, Islamic State destroying ancient artefacts (even if they’re only replicas) is tantamount to rebranding. The intended message is always the same: UNDER NEW MANAGEMENT. What they’re actually doing is hard-selling their view of the world. Commentators here in the UK are quick to point this out when the subject is IS or the Taliban or whichever beard-wielding group of baddies is trying to forcefully erase the totems of an entire culture from the map.

And so they should. History has taught us that blind adherence to extreme ideologies almost invariably leads to attacks on a society’s narrative about itself, whether they’re rewriting history or appropriating art, design and technology (IS’s massive online presence provides an example). That narrative is largely expressed in the things — objects, customs, music, dance, food, even porn — that we call culture. To impose a radical ideological program on an entire society, you are effectively hitting the “reset” button on their culture. Continue reading

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